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How to ensure safe textiles testing laboratory?



Textile testing laboratory is engaged in textile materials, textile products, clothes, and its feathers of sensory and physical and chemical testing laboratory (hereinafter referred to as laboratory)
1, laboratory main content
Main activities are involved in the sample receiving and delivery, of the break-up of samples, the operation of the equipment and inspection work, chemical storage, use and waste disposal, sample storage, etc. The main content includes:
(1) the sample receive and transmit: before the test sample receiving, sample according to the regulations of the detection work processes in the transfer process between the function room.
(2) of the break-up of sample: the sample into the size and quantity to meet the requirements of test samples.
(3) the operation of the equipment and inspection work, the physical properties of the textile and garment sample test, color fastness test, water test, fiber content and chemical analysis testing, microbiological testing, etc.
(4) chemical reagent storage, use and waste disposal: stay with chemical reagent in the process of storage, test the use of chemical reagents, test after the processing of chemical waste.
(5) sample storage and waste processing: after the test sample into the sample library storage custody, provisions will be valid after the samples stored waste processing.
2, hazard and risk assessment
Testing laboratory safety accidents is the laboratory wife, machine, material, method, ring of staggered reflected in various respects as a result, the people in the accident and prevent plays a decisive role. , therefore, the author closely around textiles testing laboratory staff activity in every link of the process of analysis, combined with textile testing each function room, determine each activity link what hazards, as well as the risk of hazard and the corresponding risk level
3, the laboratory safety management
3.1 establish safety management system
Establish a safety management system, including the safe, the nature of common chemical reagent, storage, use and processing method, waste disposal, the regulations on the safety of the cylinder is commonly used. Adhere to the "safety first, prevention first, people-oriented" and "who supervises, who is responsible for" principle. Pays special attention to this room each function room designated security person eliminate hidden danger of safety education, safety inspections and etc.
3.2 to strengthen safety education, improve employees' safety awareness and protection skills
The employees safety training and safety knowledge education, is the basis of ensure the safety of testing laboratory. Should actively create conditions to carry out laboratory safety training and safety knowledge education, improve laboratory staff professional quality, enhance the safety awareness, standardized operation, develop good work habits. Staff to be qualified after the examination of pre-service training and related certificates; Familiar with textile testing laboratory of hazards, and the risk of hazard and the corresponding risk level, clear the corresponding prevention measures and emergency measures; Regularly every year to participate in training, grasps the laboratory technical specification, operating rules, safety knowledge and practical skills. Master safety skills, strictly follow the standard operating procedures.
3.3 preventive measures
3.3.1 general protection
(1) to establish strict operational procedures, take necessary safety measures according to specific circumstances, such as protective glasses, masks or rubber gloves, etc.;
(2) keep the floor clean and neat, the staff carefully go slow;
(3) laboratory equipment set up and the storage of equipment must follow safety, the principle of scientific, standardized, neat and orderly. After the test should be ready to test and appliance of cleaning, sorting, safe and orderly storage of equipment of the good.
3.3.2 rainfall distribution on 10-12 minutes sample room
General protection.
3.3.3 constant temperature and humidity chamber
(1) don't stay long time in the laboratory, experimental leave namely;
(2) in wearing the right clothes, try to avoid the body directly exposed to the environment, especially to strengthen the protection of the joints.
We do color fastness and washing laboratory
(1) operation of the dry cleaner, wearing a gas mask, in the fume hood;
(2) the reasonable arrangement of working time, avoid the rating for a long time, do take rests;
(3) test heating apparatus ban placed around dangerous chemicals, and has nothing to do with the test of sundry, ensure the normal circulation of air heating area, and set up clear warning signs.
3.3.5 biological laboratory
(1) to microorganisms inactivated and disinfection treatment in a timely manner;
(2) biological laboratory waste must first disinfection sterilization, machined, leakproof, covered container, destroyed out of the laboratory after closed.
3.3.6 fiber composition and chemical analysis laboratory
(1) laboratory in addition to the special situation it is prohibited to use fire, fire ban placed near the dangerous chemicals, and has nothing to do with the test of sundry, and ensure the normal circulation of air in the area of heating;
(2) chemical reagent place to be a safe and orderly, and strictly control the storage quantity;
(3) various kinds of solvents, finished drug sampling must be immediately cover cap, not exposure to deposit, there are volatile and odorous chemical reagents should be in the fume hood or ventilation environment;
(4) operation of toxic, flammable, volatile or explosive chemicals, must be carried out within the fume hood, in case of an accident;
(5) laboratory for all kinds of pressure cylinders must be equipped with fixed installations, and close to the heat source, the summer to prevent strong sunlight, percussion and collision, paint appearance marks to keep in good condition;
(6) do the processing of laboratory waste chemical reagents, strictly forbidden to strong corrosive or toxic and harmful substances into the sink and drainage pipe, test of toxic or hazardous wastes must be collected after unified handling, indiscriminate discharge is prohibited.
3.3.7 chemical warehouse
(1) different nature, and is there a possibility of a severe chemical reaction chemicals, such as: acid and alkali, oxidant and reducing agent deposit cannot be mixed, to partition storage, and make clear mark;
Easily-made noxious, narcotics and other dangerous articles, (2) to do special counters storage room, and assign a, double double lock properly keep, want to have reliable safety precautions.
3.3.8 sample library
(1) the sample sealed packaging, store in a cool, ventilated place, away from fire and heat source;
(2) the warehouse as far as possible to install electrical equipment, electrical equipment should have good grounding protection or zero, regularly check the electrical equipment.
4, summarize
In textile testing laboratory safety management, must establish a perfect safety management system; To strengthen safety education, improve the staff's safety consciousness and protection skills. Fully familiar with all kinds of existing in the laboratories of hazards, and the risk of hazard and the corresponding risk level, clear the corresponding preventive measures and emergency measures, strictly abide by the operation procedure and make preventive measures, strengthening safety management, to prevent safety accident hidden trouble, the safety management of the laboratory to the standardized and scientific.

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