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Interpretation of the new standard for infant clothing quality requirements

Interpretation of the new standard for infant clothing quality requirements
The text/KePingYing
Infant body at the stage of growing period of different organs and skin, the body is not perfect, and lack of self behavior and protection consciousness, in daily life are highly susceptible to damage. Children's clothing is with infant body very close everyday items. In order to protect the legitimate rights and interests of consumers, correctly guide infants clothing industry healthy and orderly development of our country in May this year published an infant mandatory standard GB31701-2015 "technical specification for infants and children textile product safety, and in June 2016. In the introduction to the appearance of the standard for infants and young children, children's clothing and safety assessment.
1 standard "children textile products" in the new term
Domestic and foreign textile standards to the term "infant textile products" are clearly defined, such as defined GB18401-2010: infants and young children over the age of 36 months and under wear or use of the textile products; Another of FZ/T 81014-2008, the Oeko - Tex have terms defined in the standard 100 standards, but about the term "child textile products" has never been defined. This standard is put forward for the first time "children textile products" definition: aged 3 years of age or older, children under 14 years of age and wear or use of the textile products. Note: generally applies to the height above 100 cm, 100 cm and the following girls or boys under 160 cm and children wear or use of the textile products can be used as textile products. Among them, the children under 130 cm and can be used as children under the age of seven of dress. Visible, children's attention more and more big, involve to 14 years old children.
Level 2 different requirements
As GB 18401-2010 "national textile security technology and standard" requirement, infant textile products should comply with the class A requirements; In direct contact with skin and children textile products should conform to the requirements of the class B, at least not direct contact with the skin of children textile products should comply with the requirement of class C at least. Standard and children's clothing should be marked on the instructions on safety category, infant textile products also should include "infant", this requirement is the same as GB 18401-2010.
3 children's clothing quality requirements higher and more comprehensive
At present, children's clothing to the standards of products mainly include: national mandatory standard GB 18401-2010, the product standard of FZ/T 81014-2008 "the babies and infants clothing" and SN/T1522-2005 "children's clothing safety technical specifications" and so on, the basic composing of these standards for children's wear inspection standard system in our country, mainly involves the assessment of project: pH, formaldehyde, color fastness, perspiration fastness, dry rubbing fastness, color fastness to saliva, peculiar smell, can decompose carcinogenic aromatic amine dyes, physical examination project, etc. New standards for children's clothes are all higher quality requirements, in addition to the fabrics of infants and children textile products, materials, accessories used in fabric should comply with the GB 18401-2010 in the corresponding safety technical requirements, but should also assess heavy metals: cadmium, lead and phthalates, combustion performance, resistant to wet rubbing fastness. Difference compared with foreign standards are as follows: the ecological textiles label Oeko - texstandard 100 (2012) project in addition, the assessment of infants and children products involving more poisonous and harmful material set limit to request, such as dye sensitization to, plasticizer, pesticide, organic tin compounds, perfluorinated octane sulfonic acid, toxic solvents and surfactants, etc. Japanese children's clothing requirements project includes containing bromine or containing flame retardant finishing agent, organic mercury compounds, organic tin compound and so on. Foreign standards for infant clothing demand more comprehensive poisonous and harmful material.
4 attachment requirements
4.1 tensile strength
Standard infant textile products, unfavorable use 3 mm or less attachments, may be an infant grabbed bite all kinds of accessories tensile strength should comply with the requirements in table 1.
Table 1 in the standard requirement for attachment
Note: the maximum size of 3 mm or less, or unable to clamping (attachment happened when clamping deformation or damage) accessories, assessment attachments changes after washing, see appendix A.
Appendix A of this standard accessories tensile strength test method and FZ/T 81014-2008 specified in the test method is different, this standard test method for tensile and constant load under A certain amount of time, assessing attachment loose or fall off from the main body. Three is judged to be unqualified: attachment fell off from the main body; Attachment of damage; Fabric rupture and tear, etc. And FZ/T 81014-2008 test method for applying certain load, in a certain period of time to verify the tensile strength of infant clothing accessories meet the specified requirements. When the tensile strength are not under the load, judged to be qualified, otherwise is unqualified.
4.2 sharp objects
Infants and children's textile accessories should not be used for the product is palpable sharp point and sharp edges. The packing of the product should not be used in the metal needles and other sharp objects, at the same time the product does not allow residual metal needles and other sharp objects.
4.3 the rope
About accessories line with the requirements of this standard is the most outstanding point for infants and children under the age of 7 clothes head and neck should not have any rope, 7 years old and above the head and neck of children's clothing is not permitted in the drawstring free end, when the split clothing for opening to maximum width, should not have prominent belt loops.
4.4 durability label
The provisions of this standard for sewing in infants and young children can cling to the durability of the label on the garment, should be in a location not direct contact with the skin.
For accessories, SN/T 1522-2005 "children's clothing safety technical specifications" are put forward: children under the age of three and wearing clothing should not be used in appearance similar to food containing attachments and rigid composition is a combination of buttons, there is no insects, birds, rodents and unhygienic particles from these animals. Maximum size of the granular filler material is less than or equal to 3 mm, inner package.
5 assessment of flame retardancy
Infant health and safety need special care, used for babies and infants clothing textile products for flammable and combustible fabrics for the most part, not in the fire accident of the treated fabric fire spread, even some of the fabric after combustion will release toxic gases: carbon dioxide, hydrogen cyanide, chlorine, etc. The infant basic does not have the life that fire prevention ability, will for infants and young children's health and life safety caused serious consequences, so for infants and young children fabric flame retardant appraisal has the necessity very much.
Flame retardant for infant textile products have related assessment requirements. Such as the United States children's pyjamas flammability standards 16 cfrpart 1615 (1616) the children's pyjamas combustibility, Canada, the dangerous products (children's pyjamas) ordinance Australia "reduce combustion dangerous children's pyjamas on flame retardant properties of children's pajamas, test methods, there are strict rules. Note for flame retardant, this text is: infant textile products is not recommended for flame retardant processing, if the flame retardant processing, must be in accordance with relevant national regulations and mandatory standards. But at present domestic is not mandatory standards for infant clothing flame retardancy.
Not assess flame retardancy not only affect the infant health and safety, but also not conducive to infant textile products export trade, so the proposed standard increase flame retardancy assessment of infants and young children clothing.
6 the conclusion
Can be seen from the infant clothing technical indicators, children's clothing standards in China will increase steadily, and close to international standards. As a quality management department should to do a good job of publicity and implement the new standard and strengthen supervision and administration of production enterprises. At the same time, the production enterprises should pay attention to the new standard, implement new standard enterprise standardization and internal training.
(unit: fiber inspection bureau of fujian province)

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